1. Ancient early urban settlements of the Ghana Empire. ©historum.com Old 2. 14th century Larabanga Mosque. The oldest Mosque in Ghana. ©historum.com 3. Saharan salt-caravan ©James Michael Dorsey 4. Elmina Castle, built in 1482 5. Osu castle, built in 1661 02 04 is 6. Dungeons holding slaves, with evidence of blood, urine, defecation, and vomit still caked onto the ground. 03 gold 7. Slave-chains 07 06 05 01 In this issue, we showcase the work of our brothers and sisters in Ghana (see page 30) and in doing so, we present a brief history of this proud African nation. This publication continually reminds our readers that we must never forget our deep and rich history, and that we must always remember that we stand on the shoulders of giants! “We are the dream and the hope of our forefathers and they were mighty men of old!” T he Ghana Empire (400A.D. until 1200A.D.), properly known as Awkar (Ghana or Ga’na being the title of its ruler) was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and west- ern Mali. Complex societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times. But the introduction of the camel to western Sahara in the 3rd century A.D. gave way to great changes in the area that became the Ghana Empire. By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century, the camel had changed the ancient more irregular trade routes into a trade network running from Morocco to the Niger river. The Ghana Empire grew rich from this increased 26 africanphotomagazine ISSUE 6 JUNE 2017 27
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